“CARBON DIOXIDE: HOW EXCESS EMISSION AFFECTS FISHES”

We live in a world where the effects of climate change are prevalent.

In the Philippines, we are a model of the country’s adversely affected by climate change.

Haiyan, Thelma, Ike, Fengshen, Washi, Durian, Bopha, Trix, Amy, Nina. These are the 10 deadliest typhoons of the Philippines between 1947 and 2014.

What is alarming is that five of the ten storms have occurred since 2006, affecting and displacing thousands of citizens every time. Seven of these ten  deadly storms each resulted in more than 1,000 casualties. But the deadliest storm on record in the Philippines is Typhoon Haiyan, known locally as Typhoon Yolanda, which was responsible for more than 6,300 lost lives, and more than four million displaced citizens that causes $2 billion in damages last 2013. So what’s going on—is the Philippines simply unlucky? Not exactly.

Photo from : The Climate Reality Project

The Philippines has long been particularly vulnerable to extreme weather. In recent years, the nation has suffered from even more violent storms like Typhoon Haiyan. On average, about 20 tropical cyclones enter Philippine waters each year – with eight or nine making landfall. And over the past decade, these tropical storms have struck the nation more often and more severely, scientists believe, because of climate change. In addition, two factors unique to the Philippines—its geography and development—have combined to exacerbate both this threat and its devastating consequences.

The vital question now becomes: how do we slow down climate change? The simple answer will be to cut our greenhouse gas emissions, the most common of which is carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gas emissions comes from our own activities – from taking the car instead of walking short distances, to large scale ones like massive deforestation. Greenhouse gases in our atmosphere trap heat, and warming the climate.

Yet slowing down climate change is not at all simple. It is a global problem. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the main international scientific body assessing climate change said in a 2014 report that global emissions from man made activities are “now higher than ever.”

“Concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have all shown large increases since 1750 (40%, 150% and 20%, respectively),” the report said.

One major contributor to carbon dioxide are the phytoplanktons, and their predator are the sharks.

One step we can take to make sure we do not have an extreme amount of Carbon Dioxide is to protect and conserve the sharks.

We all live in an ecosystem where each type of animals and sea creatures are necessary for the balance to be kept. Sharks eat phytoplanktons which contain a high level of carbon dioxide. If there were too many phytoplanktons that will exist at a given point in time, that high level of carbon dioxide could cause an imbalance in the atmosphere, and cause further global warming and giving more cause to a climate change. In the end, we the homo sapien race will suffer, and could also be on the verge of extinction if the balance in the ecosystem is not kept. For more about the excessive carbon dioxide caused by phytoplanktons, read more here.

Sharks are the victims and not the predators. They are the prey. As the article has said from Oceana.Org.

Shark Finning – The practice of shark finning kills 26 to 73 million sharks each year for their fins. Once reserved as a delicacy and a sign of prestige in Asian cultures, shark fin soup consumption is on the rise.

Sharks have unfortunately fallen victim to the man-hungry stereotype society has created for them. We consider this the “Jaws” image. However in reality, sharks are some of the world’s most misunderstood animals. There are more than 350 distinct species of sharks that vary in size, diet and habitat, but the vast majority are harmless to humans. In fact, nearly two-thirds of all shark attacks involve just three species— white, tiger and bull. The reality is that humans are the true top predators of the sea.

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Photo from aseana.org – Predators as Prey Article

Photo from aseana.org – Predators as Prey Article

Sharks as apex predators can regulate species abundance, distribution and diversity, which in turn can impact the health of marine habitats. Additionally, they provide essential food sources for scavengers and remove the sick and weak from populations of prey species. The decimation of these important shark species can have cascading effects throughout the ecosystems they inhabit, resulting in economically and ecologically devastating consequences. Ecological chain reactions set in motion. Species diversity and abundance declines with the loss of habitats. And the list goes on… Protecting sharks and allowing their populations to recover is essential to restoring the health of our oceans.

The following three actions are essential to making that happen:

• Reduce the number of sharks captured in commercial fisheries through improved shark management, including requiring strict species-specific fishing quotas and stock assessments.

• Truly end shark finning by requiring that all sharks be landed whole with their fins still naturally attached.

• Reduce the demand for shark products such as shark fin soup

taken from : http://oceana.org – predators as prey study.

For us to do our part too, We have 2 ways for you to help save the thresher sharks and in the long term, this will help ensure the survival of the human race and to have a good and manageable level of C20 or Carbon Dioxide in the environment.

  1. Sign the petition.

change org.JPG

  1.  Join the thunderclap and share it to your FB and/or twitter account.

What is Thunderclap?

Thunderclap is a “crowdspeaking” platform that lets individuals and companies rally people together to spread a message. The site uses an “all-or-nothing” model similar to crowdfunding sites such as Kickstarter, in that if the campaign does not meet its desired number of supporters in the given time frame, the organizer receives none of the donations.

On Thunderclap, backers donate tweets and social media posts rather than money.

Steps to take to join thunderclap: go to the website thru this link:

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2. Click on Support thru Facebook.

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Add a custom message. Click add my Support.

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Click OK.

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Click Continue as (Your Name)

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Thanks, Your social reach will be added after!

Thru these initiatives, you will help us make sure they vote Yes to adding the Thresher sharks to be part of the protected list at the upcoming NICE convention.

More info about that here.

Please comment done at this blog if you were able to do it.

Thank you for helping saving the planet thru saving the sharks.

Featured image taken from the climateemergencyinstitute

 

More information can be found here:

Save Thresher Tala

http://www.savephilippineseas.org/savethreshertala

http://www.sharkdefenders.com/2015/04/save-thresher-tala.html

CITES Proposal

https://cites.org/sites/default/files/eng/cop/17/prop/060216/E-CoP17-Prop-43.pdf

IUCN says Yes

https://www.nrdc.org/experts/elizabeth-murdock/iucn-votes-increase-protections-sharks-rays

Their Future Our Future

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSkSzpW1YennDr0uTqM4rTSs7rKZOxBQR

Thresher sharks in the PH (press coverage)

http://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/ph/press/releases/Protect-threshers-sharks-now–Conservationists-tell-the-government/

http://metrocebu.com.ph/2016/05/cebu-marine-conservations-call-for-inclusion-of-thresher-sharks-in-cites/

http://www.cebu.gov.ph/news/groups-want-thresher-sharks-included-september-convention/

http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2016/05/28/include-thresher-sharks-cites-476347

http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2016/04/20/conservationists-appeal-protection-thresher-sharks-468873

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